Fatty Liver Treatment in Pune

Fatty Liver is also known as Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a range of liver conditions affecting people who consume little to no alcohol. As the name suggests, the main characteristic of NAFLD is that the liver has stored too much fat in liver cells in such a case it is important to visit a liver specialist for fatty liver treatment in pune .

NAFLD is highly common around the world, it is the common form of chronic liver disease, which affects about 1/4 of the population.

In some cases, NAFLD can develop into nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), which is an aggressive form of fatty liver disease, which is marked by liver inflammation and may progress into cirrhosis and even in liver failure.

Fatty Liver Treatment in Pune

Symptoms

NAFLD usually displays no signs and symptoms. If it does, which may include:

  • Pain or discomfort in the upper right abdomen
  • Fatigue

Possible signs and symptoms of NASH and advanced cirrhosis includes:

  • Abdominal swelling (ascites)
  • Enlarged blood vessels just beneath the skin’s surface
  • Enlarged spleen
  • Red palms
  • Yellowing of the skin and eyes (jaundice)

 

Causes

The exact reason why some people accumulate fat in the liver while others do not is exactly unknown. Similarly, there is limited understanding of why some fatty livers disease develops inflammation that progresses to cirrhosis.

  • Overweight or obesity
  • Insulin resistance
  • High blood sugar
  • High levels of fats

These combined health problems appear to promote the deposit of fat within the liver. for a couple of people, this excess fat acts as a toxin to liver cells, causing liver inflammation and NASH, which may lead to a buildup of scar tissue within the liver.

Risk Factor

A large range of diseases & conditions can increase your risk of NAFLD, including:

  • High cholesterol
  • High triglycerides levels in the blood
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Obesity
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome(PCOS)
  • Sleep apnea
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hypopituitarism

NASH is more likely in these groups:

  • Elderly people
  • People with diabetes
  • People with body fat concentrated in the abdomen

Complications

Complications:

The main complication of NAFLD and NASH is cirrhosis, which is late-stage scarring within the liver. Cirrhosis occurs in response to liver injury, just like the inflammation in NASH. because the liver tries to halt inflammation, it produces areas of scarring (fibrosis). With continued inflammation, fibrosis spreads to require up more and more liver tissue.

If the method isn’t interrupted, cirrhosis can lead to:

  • Fluid buildup in the abdomen
  • Swelling of veins in your oesophagus, which can rupture and bleed
  • Confusion, drowsiness and slurred speech
  • Liver cancer
  • End-stage liver failure

Prevention

To reduce your risk associated with NAFLD:

Choose a healthy diet: 

Choose a healthy plant-based diet that’s rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and healthy fats.

Maintain a healthy weight: 

If you’re overweight or obese, reduce the amount of calories you eat every day and do more exercise. If you’ve got a healthy weight, work to keep it up it by choosing a healthy diet and exercising.

Exercise:

Exercise most days of the week. Get an OK from your doctor first if you haven’t been exercising regularly.

Treatment

The first line of treatment is typically weight loss through a mix of a healthy diet and exercise. Losing weight addresses the conditions that contribute to NAFLD. Ideally, a loss of 10% of the weight is desirable, but improvement in risk factors can become apparent if you lose even 3% to five of your starting weight. Weight-loss surgery is additionally an option for people who got to lose an extra amount of weight.  Dr. Manish Phatak is a critical care liver specialist who on proper diagnosis will provide you with the best possible fatty liver treatment in pune.